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Load-securing device
Product competence from EUROPART n Lashing straps
n Accessories for lashing straps
n Safety nets
n Non-slip mats
n Blocking elements
n Lashing chains
n Lashing points
n
Tarpaulins/fastening chains
Sling bands/round slings
Load securing for the van
Hazardous goods transport
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
2 Load securing expertise campaign Introduction
The legal context
A variety of laws, regulations and directives control load security, for
instance the Road Traffic Order (StVO), the Road Traffic Licensing
The safety of the load is the
Order (StVZO), the Accident Prevention Regulations (UVV) as well as
responsibility of all those involved:
sets of technical rules such as VDI 2700 ff. and DIN EN 12195 -1 to -4.
The vehicle keeper is obliged to provide
a suitable vehicle driver, and equally so § 22 StVO „Loading"
a vehicle in the proper condition and with the correct equipment. Should the sender (1) The load, including devices for securing the load, as well as or loader be in doubt about the intended the loading equipment, must be stored and secured so that they transport, he is obliged to reject the vehicle.
cannot slide, topple, roll back and forth, fall off or create avoidable noise during full braking or sudden evasive movement. In doing The driver of the vehicle must ensure
so, the recognised rules of the technology must be respected.
that the load is safe for operation of the vehicle. Care must be taken here that § 23 StVO „Other duties of the vehicle driver"
n the vehicle is not impaired (ability (1) Whoever drives a vehicle is responsible for ensuring that his/her sight to steer, stability) by the load, and hearing are not adversely affected by the occupants, animals, load, n permitted dimensions, total weight devices or the condition of the vehicle. Whoever drives a vehicle must and axle loads are taken into in addition ensure that the vehicle, train, truck/train combination as well account (load distribution plan), as the load and the occupants are according to regulations and that the n a test of the load security measures is roadworthiness of the vehicle does not suffer due to the load or occupants. undertaken before departure as well § 31 StVZO „Responsibility for the operation of the vehicle"
as underway, if necessary the means of lashing must be retightened etc.
(2) The keeper must not order or permit operation if it is known to him or should be known to him that (.) the vehicle or (.) the load (.) is not The shipper and common carrier is
according to regulations or the safety of the vehicle suffers due to the load (.).
responsible for the secure carriage of the load and thus specifically for n packaging that is suitable for the goods and the transportation route, n proper labelling of the load,n formation of suitable load units (palettes, lattice boxes, containers etc.), According to police findings during controls on trucks,
n stowage of the load in the loading space,n the attachment and security of the area of load securing is the most common fault after
the load on the vehicle, failure to observe driving periods and rest periods.
n the proper use of lifting trucks, cranes etc.
Breach of these regulations can
lead to sanctions in the form of
According to DEKRA, a quarter of all
fines, immobilisation of the vehicle
truck accidents are traced back to failings
to criminal consequences.
in securing the load.
According to estimates by the German Insurance
Association (GDV), yearly losses of at least 240
million Euros arise through accidents that are caused
by faulty load securing.

GOOD TO KNOW
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Introduction Load securing expertise campaign 3
EUROPART focuses on safety during transport
Load securing - an important topic

Proper securing of the load on commercial vehicles is the deciding factor in ensuring high quality transportation with the protection of persons and goods.
The term load securing serves as a broad term describing how the load is secured against the physical forces of movement that occur during transport. Distinctions are made here between: n during acceleration: forces towards the rearn during braking: forces in the direction of traveln during cornering: forces towards the siden particularly on uneven roads: vertical forces The simplest form of load securing is the use of the loading area walls of the vehicle. Here the load is directly fitted to the side walls as well as the front and rear walls and thus cannot slide (known as form-fit loading). However, in many cases this is not possible because of the required load distribution and the kind of goods being carried, so that aids to secure the load must be employed. The use of certified, robust and reliable attachment systems that guarantee sufficient safety for the freight is the deciding factor here.
EUROPART offers a comprehensive portfolio of products so that you
can safely and professionally secure and transport your goods.
4 Load securing expertise campaign Lashing straps
Lashing straps
The most widely used type of load securing
with EUROPART logo
is lashing the load. As a rule, lashing straps
are used to do this. They are particularly
suitable for securing delicate goods.
Short lever ratchets, also known as
push ratchets, usually achieve a preload force of up to 350 daN. With a long lever
ratchet (pull ratchet), a preload force of
500 daN and more can be achieved.
The lashing straps with ratchet from EUROPART (also known as two-part lashing
Ratchet strap
straps or lashing strap set) are made of robust polyester which is insensitive to
with fi xing rail fi ttings and push ratchet acids, oils and greases. Temperatures of
-40 to +100 °C also have no effect on the properties of the material. The normal preload Loose end 2300 mm force of the lashing straps is between 300 and 600 daN and the permitted stretched tensile force 2500 daN, in strapping 5000 daN. Permissible tensile force 750 daN stretched, 1500 daN in the strapping.
Scope of supply
Order no.
9690 000 042
This fi gure corresponds to 9690 900 003 Loose end
Ratchet strap
Version
with U profi le hook and pull ratchet Standard EN 12195-2 Loose end 7500 mm permissible tensile force 2500 daN stretched, 5000 daN in the strapping with EUROPART logo
Order no.
permissible tensile force 2500 daN stretched, 5000 daN in strapping with profi le hook 9690 900 002
Scope of supply
with profi le hook 9690 900 001
9690 900 003
Order no.
with profi le hook 9690 900 005
9690 515 078
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Lashing straps Load securing expertise campaign 5
Ratchet strap
Width
Standard EN 12195-2
permissible tensile force 2500 daN stretched, 5000 daN in the strapping
Scope of supply
with EUROPART logo
Fixed end
Loose end
Order no.
with profi le hook and push ratchet 9690 000 030
with profi le hook and push ratchet 9194 510 000
with profi le hook and push ratchet 9690 000 184
with profi le hook and pull ratchet 9690 515 036
with profi le hook and pull ratchet 9690 515 038
with U profi le hook and push ratchet 9690 000 027
with spring hook and push ratchet 9690 000 028
(Illustration similar) Ratchet strap
Ratchet strap
with fi xing rail fi ttings and push ratchet with profi le hook and push ratchet Standard EN 12195-2 Standard DIN-EN 12195-2 permissible tensile force 750 daN stretched, 1500 daN in strapping permitted tensile force 1500 daN stretched, 3000 daN in strapping Scope of supply
Application range
for car transportation Fixed end
Loose end
Order no.
Fixed end
Loose end
Order no.
9690 000 024
9690 501 533
9698 264 812
9690 351 533
9690 511 534
Elements of a lashing strap
connecting element clamping element connecting element GOOD TO KNOW
6 Load securing expertise campaign Lashing straps
Ratchet strap
PowerLash GTR 75
Width
Loose end 1800 mm permissible tensile force 5000 daN stretched, 10000 daN in strapping
only suitable for direct lashing
Order no.
with eye hook/wide mouth hook and pull ratchet 9696 760 006
with triangular snap hook and pull ratchet 9697 600 002
(Illustration similar) Ratchet strap
Version
with profi le hook and push ratchet Standard EN 12195-2 Ratchet strap
permissible tensile force 5000 daN stretched, 10000 daN in the strapping with drop side clamp and lever turnbuckle Scope of supply
Standard EN 12195-2 only suitable for direct lashing
Application range
Fixed end
Loose end
Order no.
especially for secure anchorage of small loads at any position on 6926 750 034
9690 505 034
Order no.
9690 750 034
9690 790 140
Replacement state of lashing straps
Lashing straps undergo mechanical wear and must be substituted when they reach the replacement state.
A lashing strap is in the replacement state when it has:
n yarn breaks and cuts over more than 10 % of the width of the strap, or other serious cuts
n damage to the seams, fi bres, or indentations
n distortions caused by heat
n damage to the hooks, distortions, splits or fractures on the metal parts
n distortions of the ratchet
n excessive wear or damage caused by aggressive substances (chemicals)
n illegible or missing label
GOOD TO KNOW
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Lashing straps Load securing expertise campaign 7
Labelling of lashing straps
The label that is secured to every certifi ed lashing
strap contains the following information:
1. Name of the manufacturer of the lashing strap Ratchet strap
2. Article identifi cation number/tracing code with profi le hook and push ratchet 3. Designated use 4. SHF – Standard Hand Force - the manual force that may act on the lever of the ratchet. The standard value is 50 daN = 50 kg. Application Loose end 1800 mm of a higher force on the lever of the ratchet could damage it.
5. STF – Standard Tension Force (normally the preload force of the lashing strap) is the force with which the load is pressed down onto permitted tensile force 1500 daN stretched, 3000 daN in the the loading fl oor. Important when lashing down. The higher the preload force, the fewer load securing devices must be used.
Scope of supply
6. LC – Lashing Capacity - the loadability of the strap. Important when direct lashing. If it is 2500 daN (2500 kg) in Application range
for car transportation direct tension, this means that with the load secured by a simple tensile force, it may weigh a maximum of 2,5 t.
Order no.
7. Designation of the material from which the lashing 9690 000 045
strap is made (PES - robust polyester) 8. Stretchability of the lashing strap during use – the maximum elongation of the material from which the strap was woven, is a maximum of 7 % 9. LG – Length. LGL – length, that which was measured from the label of the lashing strap (9.5 m), LGF – length, that which was measured from the ratchet of the lashing strap (0.5 m) 10. Year of manufacture of the lashing strap Ratchet strap
11. Declaration of conformity according to the EU standard EN 12195-2, with profi le hook and push ratchet which ensures the high quality and safety in use of the lashing strap Loose end 3700 mm Permissible tensile force 1000 daN stretched, 2000 daN in the strapping.
Scope of supply
Order no.
9690 352 056
Ratchet strap
Version
with profi le hook and push ratchet Loose end 3700 mm permitted tensile force 350 daN stretched, 700 daN in the strapping Order no.
9690 250 736
GOOD TO KNOW
8 Load securing expertise campaign Lashing straps
Direct lashing
Even the heaviest loads can be safely tied down with the aid of
the form-fitting process of „direct lashing". Direct lashing can be used in various forms, depending on the nature of the load.
Diagonal lashing can be done in various ways. In doing The required securing forces are created during the journey so, four load securing devices are always needed.
through offset loading. During the calculation, the permitted
lashing capacity (LC) in direct tension is taken as a basis, so
that the means of lashing directly absorb the forces created by the movements of the vehicle (acceleration, deceleration and centrifugal forces). With this type of lashing, each load securing device is secured between the lashing points on the truck and the load fastening points of the load. In contrast to lashing down, when direct lashing is used, the straps are tightened
only hand tight (with a max. of 10 % of the LC), so that the
permitted lashing capacity (LC) is not already reduced by the high pretension forces.
Variants 1 and 2 can be combined.
Inclined lashing
At least eight load securing devices are
always required for inclined lashing.
These load securing devices are spanned from the load to the loading surface so that there are right-angles (β = 90°) to all four edges of the loading surface.
Lashing angle: The necessary permitted tensile force of the
load securing device during direct lashing depends on the lashing angles α and β. Lashing angle α is the vertical angle
between the loading surface and the load securing device. It should be in the range 20 to 65°. The horizontal angle β is
the angle between the vehicle longitudinal direction and the load securing device, this should be in the range 6 to 55°.
The best values for securing forces can be calculated when the two angles α and β are measured using a protractor.
In doing so, it often arises that load securing devices with smaller dimensions can be used or, higher load weights can be secured using the same load securing devices. EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Lashing straps Load securing expertise campaign 9
Direct lashing
Lashing down
Head lashing
The most often used type of load securing is lashing down. In doing so, the load is friction-locked and pressed by the
Head lashing is used as „bulkhead substitute", if the load
load securing device onto the loading surface, by which the cannot be loaded at the bulkhead because of the load „micro interlocking" and thus the friction is increased. The distribution. This is therefore form-fi tting load securing in
frictional force holds the load tight on the loading surface.
the form of a direct lashing. In this type of load securing that During lashing down, the load securing device is guided by is still relatively unknown in traffi c, special care must be taken spanning over the top of the load at both sides of the load - if without exception to ensure that the load securing device in possible in the lashing points - hooked into the loading surface front of the portion of the load is always held in its position and tightened with the clamping element (e.g. a ratchet). during transport and permanently fi xed to the vehicle.
The term „preload force" describes the force that the load
securing device exerts on the load. In doing so, it is only applied by the clamping element of the load securing device. Head lashing can be created according
to the following principles:
Lashing angle: As well as the preload force of the ratchet,
decisive for the preload force of a load securing device is 1. A round sling (lifting strap) is laid around the front
the lashing angle (in the direction of travel) edge of the load. On each α. This lashing angle is measured at the
perpendicular between the loading surface and the load securing side of the load, a load securing device is hooked device. The lashing angle greatly infl uences the effective preload into this round sling and connected to the vehicle at force of the securing device being used. a lashing point on the loading surface (Fig. 1).
The smaller the
lashing angle α, the lower is the effective preload force.
2. One edge attachment each is laid on the left and
right front (in the direction of travel) upper edges of the optimum preload force of the load securing
device is achieved with a lashing angle α of load. This edge attachment serves as support for the load securing device that is now taken from a lashing When lashing down, a lashing angle of
point on the left side of the load, held through the edge less than 30° should be avoided.
attachment, led to a lashing point on the right side of the load and connected to the vehicle in this way (Fig. 2). 3. Alternatively, a pallet standing on edge can also be used
(Fig. 3). The means of load securing then takes effect Fig.1 round sling Fig. 2 edge attachment Requirement for safe lashing is always a "swept clean" load area.
GOOD TO KNOW
10 Load securing expertise campaign Accessories for lashing straps
Accessories for
lashing straps
Protective hose
suitable as edge protection
suitable for
Order no.
lashing strap, width of strap 25 mm 9534 434 602
lashing strap, width of strap 35 mm 9695 000 050
lashing strap, width of strap 50 mm 9534 434 603
lashing strap, width of strap 50 mm 9690 000 711
Load securing disc
Trucker´s Disc
quickly and easily determine the correct number of straps,
Load securing system
suitable for various loads, vehicle fl oors, lashing angles and Application range
suitable for all soft packaging with surging movements, such as Oktatainers, bagged goods in shrink Application range
fi lm on pallets, drink bins, BigBags and other cargo that is not suitable for lashing for lashing down and diagonal straps Scope of supply
Order no.
Help in practice for all occasions!
9690 000 040
Order no.
with built-in ratchets and loose-strung profi le hooks 9690 000 041
9690 699 999
Load securing bag
for transporting tubes
Safe transport
Application range
for transporting gas bottles horizontally Order no.
Order no.
for gas bottles with 10 litre contents 9690 002 032
9690 990 043
for gas bottles with 20/50 litre contents 9690 002 050
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Accessories for lashing straps Load securing expertise campaign 11
The lashing angle has a large effect on the preload force when lashing down. It is measured between the loading surface and the load securing device. The steeper the angle, the more preload force can be applied to the load. The ideal run of the strap is nearly vertical. Goniometer set
to secure loads
for determination of the vertical angles α and β Order no.
GOOD TO KNOW
9506 999 990
Releasing reel
Lashing capacity
for convenient and fast rolling up of 50 mm loose ends, when rolled up, loose ends can be more easily stowed, take up less space and are more Surface galvanised quickly ready for use again
Application range
for 50 mm strap Order no.
Order no.
9696 000 078
9690 504 031
12 Load securing expertise campaign Accessories for lashing straps
Edge protection corners
Operating instructions: Edge protection corners should always be used
to avoid the risk of damage to the load or the lashing straps. The edge protection is placed on the load so that the longer side plate is located at the top (TOP) and the shorter is towards the bottom, aligned along the side wall (Fig. 1). The lashing strap must be applied so that it lies exactly in the middle of the edge protection and is secured through the lateral guide (Fig. 2). Please pay attention that there are no tensioning or connecting elements such as sprockets, turnbuckles, hooks etc. on the lashing strap.
DIN EN 12195 and the VDI directive 2701 stipulate that load securing Edge protection rail
devices must be protected against damage at the edges of the for all widths of webbing load by edge protectors (also known as corner protectors). Dimensions 190 x 190 x 19 mm Application range
for boxes, pallet cages, stone slabs etc.
special lengths on request
Order no.
9690 600 360
9690 600 370
9690 600 371
9690 600 372
9690 003 007
Lashing straps can become mechanically
damaged, particularly if the article to be
secured has sharp edges. For this reason, edge protection products are essential when securing the load using lashing straps. Edge protection made from elastic materials is placed at the load edges of the article, over which the lashing strap is tightened, to protect it against chafi ng. At
Edge protection
the same time it can absorb microvibrations and thus prevent the strap from slipping.
Dimensions 130 x 95 mm The contact surface of the edge protection with the cargo is greater than that of the lashing strap, so that a more even distribution of the Order no.
preload is achieved. The edge protection thus
9690 000 230
prevents not only premature wear of the
with slot, closed 9690 000 231
lashing strap, but it also protects the goods,
which equally guarantees higher transport
The EUROPART edge protection corners
are made of high-quality plastic (PP).
They are characterised by:
n robust construction
Edge protection
n larger surfaces of the side elements resistant and fl exible which distribute the pressure evenly Dimensions 150 x 200 x 170 mm n resistance to damage at temperatures between -20 °C to +70 °C TÜV-certifi ed
K-factor is ≥ 1.78 n K-factor is ≥ 1.78 Application range
for transporting paper rolls Order no.
9690 000 232
GOOD TO KNOW
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Safety nets Load securing expertise campaign 13
Safety nets
Load safety net
DoKEP®, for trucks
Colour
Material polyester Mesh width
Order no.
9696 002 025
extension netting 9696 002 026
9696 002 027
extension netting 9696 002 028
9696 000 124
side protection net 9696 000 122
side protection net 9696 000 123
Load safety net
Container cover net
a must for environmental protection Tensile strength 500 daN Mesh width
Order no.
9696 002 302
9696 002 301
Order no.
9690 100 000
Further sizes available on request! 9690 200 000
9690 300 000
Accessories
9690 400 000
Order no.
9690 500 000
Fastening set, 6 piece set with mini ratchet and 12 x S-hooks 9696 002 380
14 Load securing expertise campaign Non-slip mats
on-slip mats ift
Subline (Optional) In order to achieve better friction values and
thus prevent the goods to be transported from slipping, anti-slip mats and floor coverings
are used, among other things. Made of granulate rubber material, they increase the friction between the load and the floor and thus reduce the danger of the load slipping. They are
used in combination with the load securing
devices.
Anti-slip mats can only be effective if the load
Non-slip mat
surface is free of residues, such as sand,
more protection and safety through non-slip effect, better stability granule remains etc. The so-called „well-swept" load surface is a precondition for proper load security. The broom belongs to the standard equipment of a commercial vehicle.
Friction coefficient 0.65 µ tested by Fraunhofer Institute (see report on right hand page)
Length

Order no.
9690 000 300
9690 000 245
Non-slip mat
more protection and safety through non-slip effect, better stability
Colour
Friction coefficient 0.65 µ Order no.
1195 910 188
1195 900 055
1195 900 092
9690 000 186
9536 101 109
1195 900 043
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Non-slip mats Load securing expertise campaign 15
The EUROPART anti-slip mats are certified by the Fraunhofer Institute:
16 Load securing expertise campaign Blocking elements
Blocking elements
Intermediate panel lock
to secure loads
for insertion and clamping on the gate or on the tarpaulin frame
Version
completely assembled Locking force 400 daN Scope of supply
with extendable aluminium plate and 2 locks Accessories
Order no.
Order no.
9690 000 034
9081 021 442
Intermediate panel lock
Intermediate panel lock
ClipBoard
ClipBoard
patented joint for secure anchoring to the gate side/roof arch bar, lock on one side for easy positioning and locking Locking force 1000 daN Locking force 625 daN Application range
for board panel 18-35 mm Application range
Length range
Order no.
for gate side 25 mm 9695 110 201
Order no.
9695 110 221
9695 111 301
Clamping bars are usually mounted across the load space or diagonally. Only clamping bars supplied by tested brand manufacturers ensure the necessary safety. Clamping bars must
Clamping bar
not be replaced by „home-made" bars!
toothed rack
comprising spring system, rubber bases and aluminium pipe
Locking force 300 daN
Order no.
9690 000 090
Accessories
Order no.
9690 000 089
9690 002 208
9690 000 228
GOOD TO KNOW
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Blocking elements Load securing expertise campaign 17
Clamping bar
Clamping bar
SAM Profi
Used as fl exible storage compartment separation. Simple
securing of loads using vertically or horizontally clamped bars, Rubber feet both sides without changes to the bodywork. For connections that are Locking force 140 daN as secure as they are fl exible: with large adjustment area, high load-bearing capacity up to 140 daN and built-in comfort Length range
Order no.
through the integrated, pre-tensioned spring package. In various designs for all possible case sizes. Rubber feet both 9690 071 084
9695 103 742
Locking force 140 daN As options, the bars are also available in one-sided or two-sided
versions with 19 or 24 mm bolts
Length range
Order no.
9695 105 101
9691 051 016
Telescopic tube
Locking barrier
Length range
Load capacity, max. 140 daN Order no.
9690 000 089
Load beam
Airline-Beam 1855
for combination stay/lashing rail
suitable for horizontal and vertical use, automatic airline pins on both sides each lock into a pair of steel end pieces on both sides holes in the airline lashing rails, telescopic tubes exert no spring pressure on the vehicle, can be Load capacity 1000 daN offset at a slight angle Application range
together with parallel running airline lashing rails in the vehicle, trailer or other means of transport, provides form-fi tting load securing Order no.
Length range
Order no.
9690 000 215
9108 551 700
9108 551 200
Accessories
1 note working height for vertical use Order no.
Further lengths available! 9690 183 901
Blocking strengths depend on the length used. 18 Load securing expertise campaign Blocking elements
Combination stay/lashing rail
Fixing rail
for wall mounting horizontally
For medium-weight goods Order no.
9690 000 203
compatible with 19/24 mm ∅ combination spigots and all usual combination fixing rail end fittings Order no.
9082 138 021
9082 138 015
Order no.
Lashing rail
End piece - anchoring rails 8000 000 483
Material aluminium especially for computer transport, air freight and parcel service Order no.
9690 071 226
Order no.
Round hole lashing rail
9690 005 018
for medium weight goods, telescopic tubes, clothes rails and lashing straps Order no.
9690 002 202
Rod lashing rail
with PVC protective profile
Length
Bolt thickness 8 mm Order no.
1500 003 114
Order no.
9690 071 099
End piece - anchoring rails 8000 000 483
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Blocking elements Load securing expertise campaign 19
Plug-in board
Material wood
Order no.
9199 970 040
9199 970 000
9199 970 005
9199 970 096
Slip-in bag
for slat board
Clamping bag
Application range

single, rear closed for load securing on platform vehicles Scope of supply
Order no.
Order no.
9081 312 280
9080 000 098
9081 312 260
9080 000 097
Storage cushion
2-layer, with inner-tube valve
Storage cushions are used to achieve form-fitted loading.
Order no.
9696 091 206
9696 091 207
9696 091 211
9696 091 202
Overall height 100 mm 9696 091 215
sold by the meter
Order no.
Order no.
9086 210 450
Pneumatic gun, with inner-tube valve 9696 919 999
20 Load securing expertise campaign Lashing chains
Lashing c schr
hains ift
Subline (Optional) Lashing chains are primarily used as aids in securing the loads in heavy haulage, as well as in other areas in which heavy goods (e.g. concrete components) are moved.
Lashing chains are extremely tough load securing devices made of especially hardened
steel, that must be of at least quality grade 8.
Because of their high strength and resistance to dirt, oil and other chemicals, they are predominantly used for securing heavy
loads. They are mainly used in direct lashing.
They are only of limited use for lashing down.
In contrast to lashing straps, lashing chains have much higher tensile forces (LC or F
that can be achieved. Lashing chains exhibit very low stretching behaviour. The stretch factor of high strength round steel chains when the permitted tensile force is reached is about 1 %.
All lashing chains that were manufactured after July 2001 (see identification tag) must conform to the European standard DIN EN 12195-3.
According to EN 120095-3, lashing
chains must undergo a visual inspection
by an expert once per year and every
3 years a materials test must be
carried out by the manufacturer.
in accordance with VDI 2701, DIN EN 12195-3, with 2 quick-link
hooks
Quality grade 8
Application range
particularly suitable for heavy duty Order no.
9698 121 953
9691 012 195
9692 985 101
9691 312 195
3002 414 932
9690 531 001
3002 431 916
3002 420 410
We will gladly also supply lashing chains in quality grades 10 and 12. Please contact us! EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Lashing chains Load securing expertise campaign 21
Components of a lashing chain conforming to DIN EN 12195-3
tightening element shortening element connecting element identification tag Ratchet load tensioner
L-140
Standard DIN-EN 12195-3
Tensile strength Chain strength Version
Order no.
with unscrewing protection and 2 parallel hooks 9690 801 401
with screwing-out prevention device and 2 9690 801 432
Lash Mate, to secure loads
parallel hooks with safety device Width x height x depth 200 x 120 x 16 mm with unscrewing protection and 2 parallel hooks 9690 801 403
Order no.
9690 811 402
9696 085 970
Replacement state of lashing chains
Lashing chains undergo mechanical wear and must be substituted when they reach the replacement state.
When does a lashing chain count as ready for replacement?
n visible deformation or cracks at the chain links
n increase in the clear distance between the chain links by more than 5 %
n curved or twisted chains
n at the tensioning elements: fissures, notches, gross distortions and corrosion
n at connecting elements: cracks, gross distortions, broadening of the hook opening by more than 5%, heavy corrosion
GOOD TO KNOW
22 Load securing expertise campaign Lashing points
The usability of lashing points must be ensured and must not be affected by dirt or damage! Here too, according to EN 120095 Lashing ring
they must undergo a visual inspection by
with weld-on lug and built-in spring, quality grade 8, with BG approval
an expert once per year and every 3 years The regulations according to DIN EN 14341 and EN 287-1 apply to welding work!
a materials test must be carried out by the Order no.
6966 092 460
6966 064 470
Lashing eye
for roll-on/roll-off ships
without weld-on lug
Load capacity, max. 10 t
Lash tray
Order no.
Breaking strength 9081 317 110
Material thickness 6 mm Order no.
Order no.
9081 317 120
4434 000 765
Lashing ring
Lash tray
for floor frame profile
with ring
Load capacity 2500 daN Load capacity 2500 daN Length x width x depth
Order no.
9081 315 600
Order no.
9082 060 045
9082 060 007
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Tarpaulins/fastening chains Load securing expertise campaign 23
Tarpaulins/
Order no.
3000 227 100
9690 146 800
3000 227 101
9690 130 505
3000 227 103
9690 130 511
9690 130 512
3000 227 104
Please observe the safety regulations also during loading.
Application example Width x height x depth
Order no.
load capacity 90°, 2500 kg 300 x 200 x 100 mm 9696 017 089
load capacity 0° ≤ 45°, 3550 kg 300 x 200 x 100 mm 9696 017 128
load capacity >45° ≤ 60°, 2500 kg load capacity 0° ≤ 45°, 5600 kg 300 x 200 x 100 mm 9696 017 014
load capacity >45° ≤ 60°, 4000 kg load capacity 0° ≤ 45°, 3550 kg 300 x 200 x 100 mm 9696 030 257
load capacity >45° ≤ 60°, 2500 kg load capacity 0° ≤ 45°, 5600 kg 300 x 200 x 200 mm 9696 027 755
load capacity >45° ≤ 60°, 4000 kg load capacity 0° ≤ 45°, 8000 kg 400 x 200 x 200 mm 9696 027 834
load capacity >45° ≤ 60°, 6000 kg 24 Load securing expertise campaign Sling bands/round slings
Sling bands/ hrift
Subline (Optional)
round slings
Attention is especially drawn to the following
Get your load on/off your vehicle
regulations and technical rules that also apply:
n DIN EN 1492-1 Sling bands made of synthetic materials Sling bands and round slings are lifting means n DIN EN 1492-2 Round slings made of synthetic materials according to BGR 500 (previously UVV VBG n BGR 500 The management of load suspension devices in hoisting gear 9a) and meet all the requirements of DIN EN 1492-1 and 2 as well as A1:2008. In the sense n BGI 556 and 873 of the standards named, they are flat-woven sling bands or round slings made of synthetic First use: Before a sling band is put into operation for the first time, a check fibres for the purposes of general use, in
must be made to establish whether its identification and dimensions are particular for the lifting and transporting of
correct. Never use a product that is damaged or whose identification loads. Their use is only permitted by persons
is no longer present.
assigned and trained by the contractor. The Identification of sling bands/round slings: In all the products offered here, operating instructions must be carefully read a label is sewn in as specified according to DIN EN 1492-1 and 2.
before initial operation and must be taken into account during use of the product.
The information given on the label is: n WLL = Working Load Limit, load capacity in the direct type of fastening, figure in metric tonnes PES = Polyester, blue label PA = Polyamide, green label PP = Polypropylene, brown label LA=1,4 (β≤45°) n working length in metersn year of manufacturen manufacturer identification DD n traceability coden GS mark and testing station n CE conformity markn information on the applicable standardsn load capacity for the useable types of fastening Not every fastening type shown is suitable for fastening every load!
β = inclination angle (angle between vertical and the sling band)
LA = load fastening factor (relationship to the load capacity in the direct
type of fastening, for example: load capacity in the direct type of fastening Use of sling bands and round slings
10 t (LA=1), load capacity in the strung type of fastening 8 t (LA=0.8) together in association with chemicals:
The materials from which textile products are manufactured (PES, PA, PP) differ both physically (e.g. grip, stability, abrasion behaviour) as well as in their differing resistance towards the effects of chemicals. Polyester is rather resistant towards many acids. Polyamide behaves with more resistance towards many alkalis. Polypropylene demonstrates a high resistance to many acids as well as to many EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Sling bands/round slings Load securing expertise campaign 25
Lifting belt
DIN-EN 1492-1
two-layer sewn polyester band, dimensionally stabilised and impregnated, with 7X safety, colour-
coding of the lifting safety, with 2 stitched, half-strengthened loops, better handling thanks to longer and tapered loops Only suitable for lifting, not for lashing down!
Band width
Loop length
Order no.
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 324
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 328
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 332
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 336
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 340
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 3,000 kg, in U-shape 6,000 kg 9534 878 346
Lifting capacity, straight draw 3000 kg, in U-shape 6000 kg 9534 878 350
Lifting capacity, straight draw 3000 kg, in U-shape 6000 kg 9539 447 082
Round loop
made of continuous polyester fibre, with 7X safety, safe verifying facility
Please observe the safety
through colour-coding of the lifting capacity, single casing regulations also during loading.
Band width
Order no.
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 1000 kg, in U-shape 2000 kg 9534 878 200
load capacity, straight draw 1000 kg, in U-shape 2000 kg 9534 878 204
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 216
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 220
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 224
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 2000 kg, in U-shape 4000 kg 9534 878 232
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 3,000 kg, in U-shape 6,000 kg 9534 878 240
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 3,000 kg, in U-shape 6,000 kg 9534 878 244
Lifting capacity, stretched draw 3,000 kg, in U-shape 6,000 kg 9534 878 252
load capacity, straight draw 5000 kg, in U-shape 10000 kg 9690 000 037
Replacement state of sling bands and round slings
Sling bands and round slings must not be used when there is:

n appearance of a large number of n damage to the selvedges (edges of the band) or to the fabric and minor damage areas to the edges a large number of broken threads: for instance, more than 10% of in a short period of time the total number of threads in the most heavily damaged cross- n serious reduction in the strength of section or the band surface (putting down sharp-edged loads), if multi-loaded bands through knots large areas of the warp (lengthwise) threads are cut through n missing labels or unreadable identification n damage to the supporting seams or the jacket or its closing stitches caused by squashing, cutting or heat n damage/visibility of the supporting groups of threadsn deformation/scorching through the effects of heat (friction, radiation)n damage due to the effect of aggressive substancesn deformations (pronounced widening or thinning of the strap), fissures, breaks or other damage to the components of the fittings GOOD TO KNOW
26 Load securing expertise campaign Load securing for the van
Load securing
for the van
(Illustration similar) with profile hook and push ratchet with push ratchet Fixed end 6000 mm Loose end 5700 mm permitted tensile force 1000 daN stretched, 2000 daN in the permissible tensile force 1000 daN stretched, 2000 daN in the strapping Scope of supply
Scope of supply
Order no.
Order no.
9692 000 600
9690 000 128
with flat hook, safety device and push ratchet with clamping lock, light version Fixed end 3000 mm permissible tensile force 500 daN stretched, 1000 daN in the Scope of supply
permitted tensile force 350 daN in the strapping Scope of supply
Loose end
Order no.
9692 511 340
Order no.
9692 511 341
9534 878 100
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Load securing for the van Load securing expertise campaign 27
with profile hook and mini push ratchet with push ratchet permitted tensile force 375 daN stretched, 750 daN in Loose end 6000 mm permitted tensile force 1000 daN in strapping Scope of supply
Scope of supply
Loose end
Order no.
Order no.
9690 250 735
9696 251 000
9690 250 734
(Illustration similar) with mini push ratchet with fixing rail fittings and push ratchet Standard EN 12195-2 Standard EN 12195-2 Scope of supply
permitted tensile force 400 daN in the strapping Scope of supply
1-piece, without hook Fixed end Loose end
Order no.
permitted tensile force 600 daN stretched, 9690 079 016
Order no.
1200 daN in the strapping 9534 878 120
permissible tensile force 750 daN stretched, 9690 000 313
9534 878 121
1500 daN in strapping for type 3009 fixing rail
Version
with fixing rail fittings and push ratchet with mini press ratchet, light design Loose end 2300 mm Fixed end 4500 mm permissible tensile force 1000 daN stretched, 2000 daN in strapping
Scope of supply
permitted tensile force 400 daN in the strapping Scope of supply
standard colour grey, can be supplied in other colours as required
Order no.
Order no.
9690 182 636
9690 000 026
28 Load securing expertise campaign Load securing for the van
Ratchet strap
Container cover net
for airline fi xing rails
a must for environmental protection with double stud fi tting and push ratchet Loose end 3200 mm Order no.
permissible tensile force 500 daN stretched, 1000 daN in strapping 9690 711 712
Order no.
9690 711 713
9693 521 120
9690 711 723
Load safety net
DoKEP®, for vans, fl at beds, trailers
Band width 25 mm
Mesh width
Order no.
9696 002 011
9696 002 013
9696 002 019
9696 002 021
extension netting 9696 002 014
extension netting 9696 002 012
extension netting 9696 002 022
extension netting 9696 002 020
Load safety net
DoKEP®, for cars
Version
DoKEP 350 P webbing / Clamping bar
Tensile strength 350 daN Length range 1900-2270 mm Order no.
Order no.
9616 002 010
9690 000 096
Further sizes available on request! EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Hazardous goods transport Load securing expertise campaign 29
Hazardous goods
transport
Warning panel
Waste
retro-refl ecting type I
Warning panel
retro-refl ecting type 1 Order no.
in accordance with GGVSEB/ADR
9651 900 020
Order no.
rigid, with edge protection 9650 205 050
rigid, with black edge and edge protection 300 mm 400 mm self-adhesive fi lm 9650 205 105
rigid, without edge protection self-adhesive fi lm9650 205 051
fi xed, with black edge and edge protection 300 mm 400 mm Magnetic foil 9651 205 100
folding, with fastening elements Sheet steel 9650 205 060
rigid, with holder and edge protection 300 mm 400 mm Sheet steel 9650 205 100
and edge protection, without mounting components folding, with mounting elements 120 mm 300 mm Sheet steel 9650 205 130
folds horizontally, without edge 9650 205 080
folding, with edge protection 300 mm 400 mm Sheet steel 9650 006 001
folds horizontally, with edge protection 300 mm 400 mm sheet steel 9650 205 112
Accessories
Accessories
Order no.
Order no.
9900 252 922
9900 252 922
According to the Federal Agency for Freight Transport (BAG), faulty equipment and missing or incorrect identifi cation and labelling are among the most commonly found contraventions with the transportation of hazardous goods. GOOD TO KNOW
30 Load securing expertise campaign Hazardous goods transport
Hazardous goods slip
according to GGVSEB/ADR

Order no.
Non-fl ammable and poisonous gas self-adhesive fi lm 9650 000 510
Flammable liquids self-adhesive fi lm 9650 000 340
self-adhesive fi lm 9650 206 070
Corrosive substances 9650 000 450
Corrosive substances self-adhesive fi lm 9650 206 090
Miscellaneous dangerous substances and items self-adhesive fi lm 9650 206 180
Environmentally hazardous substances self-adhesive fi lm 1269 000 409
Environmentally hazardous substances Self-adhesive fi lm 9590 000 509
Environmentally hazardous substances 9650 003 509
LQ - Limited Quantity 9650 000 348
LQ - Limited Quantity 9650 000 349
Exchange system
for hazard labels
Length
Material aluminium
Scope of supply
with 8 hazard labels: – hazardous goods class 3 - fl ammable liquid – hazardous goods class 4.1 - fl ammable solid Clip-on frame
– hazardous goods class 5.1 - oxidising substance – hazardous goods class 6.1 - poisonous substance Material Sheet steel – hazardous goods class 8 - caustic substance Application range
– hazardous goods class 9 - various environmentally damaging substances for hazard labels according to GGVSEB/ADR – label for tankers (hazard to bodies of water/drains) – label for tankers with heated goods Order no.
Order no.
9650 206 520
8913 182 800
9650 206 524
EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.
Hazardous goods transport Load securing expertise campaign 31
Case for hazardous goods
Dimensions 420 x 305 x 155 mm
Scope of supply
Order no.
– PVC gloves, EN 388 EN 374-3 EN 374-2 CE 0120 9194 320 000
- protective goggles, tight closing, anti mist – eye rinse, sterile with eye wash funnel, 200 ml – PVC gloves, EN 388 EN 374-3 EN 374-2 CE 0120 4530 010 350
– eye rinse, sterile with eye wash funnel, 200 ml - protective goggles, tight closing, anti mist – overall (protection against chemicals), size XXL – PVC boots, size 46 – PVC gloves, EN 388 EN 374-3 EN 374-2 CE 0120 4530 010 360
– eye rinse, sterile with eye wash funnel, 200 ml - protective goggles, tight closing, anti mist – overall (protection against chemicals), size XXL – PVC boots, size 46 – combination fi lter (9534 880 698) – PVC gloves, EN 388 EN 374-3 EN 374-2 CE 0120 4530 030 361
– eye rinse, sterile with eye wash funnel, 200 ml - protective goggles, tight closing, anti mist – overall (protection against chemicals), size XXL – PVC boots, size 46 – combination fi lter (9534 880 698) – bandage pack with rescue blanket to DIN 13164 Eye rinsing bottle
handy and ready-to-use bottle fi lled with sterile water, very easy and quick
to use in an emergency, rinsing time approx. 2 minutes, sterile and hygienic, simple and quick to use, high functional safety, maintenance-free, keeps for up to 3 years Standard DIN/EN 1514-4 (DIN 12930) Combination fi lter
Application range
for full-face mask
particularly also for mobile use e.g. in toolbox, fi rst-aid case, vehicles etc. Order no.
Standard DIN EN 143 9650 208 050
Order no.
9657 200 056
9650 208 080
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Find your nearest EUROPART sales outlet at: EUROPART – Europe's No. 1 for truck, trailer, van and bus spare parts.

Source: http://content.europart-shop.ru/pdf/EUROPART%20Inter%20Catalog%20Load%20Securing%202016-07%20EN.pdf

03-056-1 (03-07):03-056-1 rv.qxd.qxd

 Medical Requirements  Build Charts  Medical Impairment Guidelines  Occupational Guidelines  Preferred Underwriting Americo Financial Life and Annuity Insurance Company 03-056-1 (03/07) © Americo4th Edition The information is provided in this booklet to assist in the understanding of the guidelines used by Americo whenreviewing applications. It is important that you understand these are guidelines only. Each case underwritten by Americois unique and all factors from all sources are taken into consideration before a final underwriting decision is made. Theunderwriting staff at Americo reserves the right to deviate from these guidelines as may be appropriate for the properunderwriting of the case.

Introducción:

UP .Universidad de Palermo Facultad de Ciencias Sociales Trabajo final integrador Percepción de riesgo y prevalencia de consumo de drogas en alumnos universitarios Tutor: Dr. Eduardo Leiderman Autor: Andrés Otero 3-2-1-Consumo de sustancias en subregión de América del sur………….…………… 9 3-2-2-El consumo de sustancias de los universitarios argentinos……….…………. 10