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September 25, 200
Takeda Receives Simultaneous European Marketing Authorization for Three New Type 2
Diabetes Therapies, VipidiaTM (alogliptin) and Fixed-Dose Combinations VipdometTM
(alogliptin and metformin) and IncresyncTM (alogliptin and pioglitazone)
Osaka, Japan, September 24, 2013 – Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited (Takeda) today announced
that the European Commission has granted Marketing Authorization (MA) for VipidiaTM (alogliptin), a
dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-4) inhibitor, for the treatment of type 2 diabetes patients who are uncontrolled
on existing therapies1-3and for the fixed-dose combination (FDC) therapies VipdometTM (alogliptin with
metformin) and IncresyncTM (alogliptin with pioglitazone). The Committee for Medicinal Products for
Human Use (CHMP), of the European Medicines Agency (EMA), issued a positive opinion for these products
on July 26, 2013.
This announcement, comes shortly after publication of final results from the cardiovascular (CV) safety outcomes trial EXAMINE* in The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM).1 Alogliptin is the first agent for the treatment of type 2 diabetes to be licensed with demonstrated CV safety outcomes data.4 "The incidence of type 2 diabetes in Europe is on the rise with an estimated 55 million cases in 2011 predicted to increase to an estimated 64.2 million in 2030" said Trevor Smith, Head of Commercial Operations, Europe & Canada, Takeda. "We know that many people living with type 2 diabetes struggle to manage their disease so there is a need for new therapies to assist them in doing so. This Marketing Authorization marks an important milestone in Takeda's ongoing commitment in working to advance patient care and helping to meet the individual needs of this growing patient population." The MA was based on data from a robust clinical trial program involving more than 11,000 patients treated for up to four years and two key studies the ENDURE† trial and interim data from the cardiovascular safety outcomes trial EXAMINE. Results from the ENDURE study demonstrated that alogliptin 25 mg in addition to metformin offered superior durability of glycemic control at two years with notably fewer hypoglycemic episodes and no negative impact on weight compared to a sulphonylurea (SU), (glipizide).5 Results also showed that when alogliptin was given in combination with metformin, significantly more patients achieve target HbA of ≤ 7%
compared with an SU in combination with metformin.5
* EXamination of CArdiovascular OutcoMes: AlogliptIN vs. Standard of CarE in Patients with Type 2
Diabetes Mellitus and Acute Coronary Syndrome
† Efficacy and Safety of Alogliptin Plus Metformin Compared to Glipizide Plus Metformin in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus;
The efficacy of alogliptin was also studied as an adjunct to diet and exercise as an add-on therapy to several
other classes of anti-diabetic medications, including metformin, thiazolidinediones (TZDs), insulin and SUs.
In these studies alogliptin 25 mg tablets taken once daily, demonstrated clinically and statistically significant
reductions in HbA1c, with a good overall tolerability profile and low incidence of hypoglycemia compared
with active control or placebo.1, 6-10 Previous trials indicated that alogliptin co-administered with either
metformin or pioglitazone produced significant improvements in glycemic control compared with the
Common adverse events reported with alogliptin include upper respiratory tract infection, nasopharyngitis,
headache, abdominal pain, gastroeosophageal reflux (GERD), pruritus and rash.1 In patients treated with
alogliptin co-administered with metformin, common adverse events include upper respiratory tract infection,
nasopharyngitis, headache, abdominal pain, GERD, diarrhea, vomiting, gastritis, gastroenteritis, pruritus and
rash.2 Common adverse events reported with patients treated with alogliptin co-administered with
pioglitazone include upper respiratory tract infection, sinusitis, nausea, dyspepsia, abdominal pain, pruritus,
peripheral edema and increased weight.3
"Although there are a number of treatment options already available, many patients still fail to meet glycemic
targets, experience hypoglycemic episodes, are overweight and remain at risk from long-term complications,
such as cardiovascular disease and renal impairment," commented Professor Simon Heller, Professor of
Clinical Diabetes at the University of Sheffield, Sheffield, UK and EXAMINE trial investigator. "Today's
announcement, along with the cardiovascular outcomes data from EXAMINE, means that physicians within
the European Union will have access to a comprehensive range of new treatments to help eligible patients
manage their disease. Flexible treatments that are convenient for patients and that can help to control the
numerous and complex factors associated with type 2 diabetes, may be of value in helping to implement a
more personalized approach to care."
Alogliptin is available in a range of doses suitable to treat patients with all stages of renal impairment,
including end stage renal disease (ESRD).1
Takeda received approval for alogliptin (Nesina) in 2010 and in fixed-dose combination with pioglitazone
(Liovel) in 2011 in Japan. In the US, Takeda received approval for alogliptin as a monotherapy (Nesina) and
in fixed-dose combinations with metformin (Kazano) and with pioglitazone (Oseni) in 2013. In addition,
alogliptin was approved in China in 2013.
The approval of these MAs will not require any change of the outlook for Takeda's consolidated results for
the full year of fiscal 2013 announced on July 31, 2013.
About Vipidia (alogliptin)
Alogliptin is indicated for the treatment of type 2 diabetes in adults aged 18 years and older to improve
glycemic control in combination with other glucose lowering medicinal products including insulin, when these, together with diet and exercise, do not provide adequate glycemic control1
The usual recommended daily dose is 25 mg once daily (OD), with dose flexibility for all stages of renal
impairment (no dose adjustment for mild renal impairment, 12.5 mg OD for moderate renal impairment, 6.25 mg OD for severe renal impairment or ESRD)1
DPP-4 inhibitors address insulin deficiency by slowing the inactivation of incretin hormones GLP-1
(glucagon-like peptide-1) and GIP (glucose-dependent insulinotropic peptide).14 As a result, an increased amount of active incretins enables the pancreas to secrete insulin in a glucose-dependent manner, thereby assisting in the management of blood glucose levels14
Alogliptin is currently available in Japan and the US under the brand name Nesina.
About Vipdomet (alogliptin and metformin) fixed dose combination2
Alogliptin and metformin is a FDC therapy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, which combines 12.5 mg
alogliptin and 1000 mg metformin in a single tablet, taken twice daily. Vipdomet is indicated in the treatment
of adult patients aged 18 years and older with type 2 diabetes mellitus:
as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adult patients, inadequately controlled
on their maximal tolerated dose of metformin alone, or those already being treated with the combination of alogliptin and metformin
in combination with pioglitazone (i.e. triple combination therapy) as an adjunct to diet and exercise in
adult patients inadequately controlled on their maximal tolerated dose of metformin and pioglitazone
in combination with insulin (i.e. triple combination therapy) as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve
glycemic control in patients when insulin at a stable dose and metformin alone do not provide adequate glycemic control
The alogliptin and metformin fixed-dose combination is currently available in the US under the brand name
About Incresync (alogliptin and pioglitazone) fixed dose combination3
Alogliptin and pioglitazone is a FDC therapy for the treatment of type 2 diabetes, which combines 25 mg
alogliptin and 45 mg pioglitazone in a single tablet, taken once daily. Incresync is indicated as a second or
third line treatment in adult patients aged 18 years and older with type 2 diabetes mellitus:
as an adjunct to diet and exercise to improve glycemic control in adult patients (particularly overweight
patients) inadequately controlled on pioglitazone alone, and for whom metformin is inappropriate due to contraindications or intolerance
in combination with metformin (i.e. triple combination therapy) as an adjunct to diet and exercise to
improve glycemic control in adult patients (particularly overweight patients) inadequately controlled on their maximal tolerated dose of metformin and pioglitazone
The alogliptin and pioglitazone fixed-dose combination is currently available in Japan under the brand name
Liovel and in the US as Oseni.
About type 2 diabetes
In 2012, 371 million people were living with type 2 diabetes worldwide. That number continues to grow
and by 2030 it is estimated to rise to 552 million15
In 2011, the number of people with diabetes in Europe was estimated to be 55 million15
The number of type 2 diabetes patients is increasing in every country15
In 2011, one in 10 deaths in adults in the Europe are attributed to diabetes, representing close to 600,000
Estimates indicate that more than EUR 99 billion* was spent on healthcare due to diabetes in the
European region in 2011, accounting for almost one-third of global healthcare expenditures due to diabetes15
Because of the chronic nature of this disease, combination therapy is almost uniformly required to
maintain diabetic control over many years of therapy16
*Based on conversion of USD 131 billion, 15 where 1 EUR = 1.32942 USD as at 12 August 2013
About Takeda Pharmaceutical Company Limited
Located in Osaka, Japan, Takeda is a research-based global company with its main focus on pharmaceuticals.
As the largest pharmaceutical company in Japan and one of the global leaders of the industry, Takeda is
committed to strive towards better health for people worldwide through leading innovation in medicine.
Additional information about Takeda is available through its corporate websit
Investor relations and media enquiries:
Takeda Pharmaceuticals Company Limited
Corporate Communications Department
Telephone: +81 3 3278 2037
Takeda Pharmaceuticals International, Inc.
Elissa J. Johnsen
Telephone: +1 224 554 3185
1. Summary of product characteristics for Vipidia. Takeda Pharmaceuticals GmBH. 2. Summary of product characteristics for Vipdomet. Takeda Pharmaceuticals GmBH. 3. Summary of product characteristics for Incresync. Takeda Pharmaceuticals GmBH. 4. White, W.B. et al. (2013) Alogliptin after Acute Coronary Syndrome in Patients with Type 2 Diabetes. The New
England Journal of Medicine. [online] nejm.org. Available from:
5. Del Prato S, Camisasca R et al. Durability of the Efficacy and safety of Alogliptin Compared to Glipizide over
2 Years When Used in Combination with Metformin. Poster #66-LB presented at the 73rd Scientific Sessions of the American Diabetes Association (ADA), Chicago, Illinois, June 21-25, 2013.
6. DeFronzo RA, Fleck PR, Wilson CA, et al. Efficacy and safety of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor alogliptin in
patients with type 2 diabetes and inadequate glycemic control. Diabetes Care 2008;31(12):2315-2317.
7. Nauck MA, Ellis GC, Fleck PR, et al. Efficacy and safety of adding the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor
alogliptin to metformin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes and inadequately controlled with metformin monotherapy: a multicentre, randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled study. Int J Clin Pract 2009;63(1):46-55.
8. Pratley RE, Reusch JE-B, Fleck PR, et al. Efficacy and safety of the dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor alogliptin
added to pioglitazone in patients with type 2 diabetes: a randomised, double blind, placebo-controlled study. Curr Med Res Opin 2009;25(10):2361-2371.
9. Rosenstock J, Rendell MS, Gross JL, et al. Alogliptin added to insulin therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes
reduces HbA1c without causing weight gain or increased hypoglycaemia. Diabetes Obes Metab 2009;11:1145-1152.
10. Pratley RE, Kipnes MS, Fleck PR, et al. Efficacy and safety of dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor alogliptin in
patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled by glyburide monotherapy. Diabetes, Obesity and Metabolism 2009;11:167-176.
11. Pratley RE, Wilson CA and Fleck PR. Alogliptin plus metformin combination therapy vs alogliptin or
metformin monotherapy for type 2 diabetes mellitus. Presented at the 48th Annual Meeting of the European Association for the Study of Diabetes, Berlin 2012. Poster 841-P.
12. DeFronzo RA, Burant CF, Fleck PR, et al. Efficacy and tolerability of the DPP-4 inhibitor alogliptin combined
with pioglitazone, in metformin treated patients with type 2 diabetes. J Clin Endocrinol Metab 2012; 97(5):1615-1622.
13. Bosi E, Ellis GC, Wilson CA, et al. Alogliptin as a third oral antidiabetic drug in patients with type 2 diabetes
and inadequate glycaemic control on metformin and pioglitazone: a 52 week, randomized, double-blind, active-controlled, parallel-group study. Diabetes, Obes and Metab 2011;13(12): 1088-1096.
14. Christopher R and Karim A. Clinical pharmacology of alogliptin, a dipeptidyl peptidase-4 inhibitor, for the
treatment of type 2 diabetes. Expert Rev Clin Parmacol 2009;2(6):589-600.
15. International Diabetes Federation. IDF Diabetes Atlas, 5th edition. Brussels, Belgium. Last accessed August
16. Inzucchi SE, Bergenstal RM, Buse JB, et al. Management of hyperglycaemia in type 2 diabetes: a patient
centred approach. Position statement of the American Diabetes Association and the European Association for the Study of Diabetes. Diabetes Care 2012;35(6):1364-1379.
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